There are an estimated 3 million Quechuan speakers in Peru. The second most spoken language is called Aymara. Aymara is deeply rooted in the ancient culture of Tiahuanaco. The Tiahuanco culture was centered in the Bolivian Altiplano. There are an estimated 250,000 indigenous people living in the jungles of Peru. They speak another 50 languages. Most are very isolated and live along the Maranon River.